Nevron .NET Vision Documentation
Mesh Surface

The Mesh Surface chart displays a surface with user-defined elevation, x-position and z-position values for each data point. Data points are ordered in a regular network. Mesh surface series are represented by the NMeshSurfaceSeries type. The following figure displays a Mesh Surface chart.




Mesh Surface Data

The surface data is managed with the help of an NMeshSurfaceData object, which is accessible through the Data property of the NMeshSurfaceSeries class. The data is stored in a two-dimensional array of data points, where each data point has elevation value, x-position value and z-position value.

The number of surface data points is controlled with the help of the SetGridSize method of the NGridSurfaceData class. It accepts two integer parameters - sizeX (defines the number of data points in the X dimension) and sizeZ (defines the number of data points in the Z dimension).

The surface data is supplied with the help of the following methods:

SetValueY - for elevation values,
SetValueX - for X-position values,
SetValueZ - for Z-position values.

The SetValue method sets all three values at a specified X and Z index. The supplied values must be of type System.Double. If you need to specify an invalid data point at some position you have to use DBNull.Value instead of a double value. The following example creates a mesh surface series with 9 data points (4 segments) and fills some data in it.

C#
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// obtain a reference to the Cartesian chart that is created by default
NChart chart = nChartControl1.Charts[0];
// switch in 3D
chart.Enable3D = true;
// set aspect 1:1:1
chart.Width = 50;
chart.Height = 50;
chart.Depth = 50;
// set projection
chart.Projection.SetPredefinedProjection(PredefinedProjection.PerspectiveTilted);
// create a surface series
NMeshSurfaceSeries surface = new NMeshSurfaceSeries();
chart.Series.Add(surface);
surface.FrameMode = SurfaceFrameMode.Mesh;
surface.Name = "Mesh Surface";
// add some data
surface.Data.SetGridSize(3, 3);
surface.Data.SetValue(0, 0, 0.8, 0.0, 1.1);
surface.Data.SetValue(1, 0, 0.0, 12.7, 0.0);
surface.Data.SetValue(2, 0, 0.0, 17.0, 1.2);
surface.Data.SetValue(0, 1, 1.0, 5.0, 12.0);
surface.Data.SetValue(1, 1, 1.2, 10.0, 11.0);
surface.Data.SetValue(2, 1, 0.5, 18.0, 10.0);
surface.Data.SetValue(0, 2, 4.0, 2.1, 22.0);
surface.Data.SetValue(1, 2, 2.0, 11.0, 21.0);
surface.Data.SetValue(2, 2, 1.3, 20.0, 20.0);
Visual Basic
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' obtain a reference to the Cartesian chart that is created by default
Dim chart As NChart = NChartControl1.Charts(0)
' switch in 3D
chart.Enable3D = True
' set aspect 1:1:1
chart.Width = 50
chart.Height = 50
chart.Depth = 50
' set projection
chart.Projection.SetPredefinedProjection(PredefinedProjection.PerspectiveTilted)
' create a mesh surface series
Dim surface As New NMeshSurfaceSeries
chart.Series.Add(surface)
surface.FrameMode = SurfaceFrameMode.Mesh
surface.Name = "Mesh Surface"
' add some data
surface.Data.SetGridSize(3, 3)
surface.Data.SetValue(0, 0, 0.8, 0.0, 1.1)
surface.Data.SetValue(1, 0, 0.0, 12.7, 0.0)
surface.Data.SetValue(2, 0, 0.0, 17.0, 1.2)
surface.Data.SetValue(0, 1, 1.0, 5.0, 12.0)
surface.Data.SetValue(1, 1, 1.2, 10.0, 11.0)
surface.Data.SetValue(2, 1, 0.5, 18.0, 10.0)
surface.Data.SetValue(0, 2, 4.0, 2.1, 22.0)
surface.Data.SetValue(1, 2, 2.0, 11.0, 21.0)
surface.Data.SetValue(2, 2, 1.3, 20.0, 20.0)

The following figure displays the generated surface as well as the order of X and Z indices in a surface grid.

The GetValueY, GetValueX and GetValueZ methods help you read the value at the specified X and Z indices. It returns either an object of type System.Double or DBNull.Value (in case of invalid value). The GridSizeX and GridSizeZ properties can be used to retrieve respectively the current X and Z size of the surface data.

Mesh Surface With Custom Colors

When the mesh surface operates in CustomColors fill mode you also need to pass a color for each vertex. This is achieved using the SetColor method of the mesh surface data object - for example:

C#
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surface.Data.SetColor(0, 0, Color.Red);
Visual Basic
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surface.Data.SetColor(0, 0, Color.Red)
Passing Large Amounts of Data
In addition to the SetValue and SetColor methods you can feed data to the grid surface by accessing its internal values and colors arrays (in case the surface uses custom colors). This is achieved using the Values, XValues, ZValues and Colors. directly:
Isolines

The mesh surface series can display lines with specified elevation and stroke style (isolines). The following code shows how to display an isoline at some value:

C#
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NSurfaceIsoline isoline = new NSurfaceIsoline();

isoline.Value = 10;
isoline.StrokeStyle = new NStrokeStyle(1, Color.Red);

meshSurface.Isolines.Add(isoline);

Visual Basic
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Dim isoline As New NSurfaceIsoline

isoline.Value = 10
isoline.StrokeStyle = New NStrokeStyle(1, Color.Red)

meshSurface.Isolines.Add(isoline)

Formatting Commands

The mesh surface series supports two additional formatting commands for the tooltip texts.

<xvalue> - x-position value of a data point
<zvalue> - z-position value of a data point

The formatting of the x-position values is controlled by a NValueFormatter object accessible through the XValueFormatter property. The formatting of the z-position values is controlled by a NValueFormatter object accessible through the ZValueFormatter property.

Related Examples

Windows forms: Chart Gallery\Mesh Surface\...

Wpf: Chart Gallery\Mesh Surface\...

Web Forms: Chart Gallery\Mesh Surface\...

See Also

 

 


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